BASINGSTOKE 1958-67 OO LAYOUT - Coaching Stock inc scratch & kits

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BASINGSTOKE 1958-67 OO LAYOUT - Coaching Stock inc scratch & kits

Postby TheDuke71000 » Thu Jun 06, 2019 6:56 pm

BASINGSTOKE 1958-67 - COACHES 1
An ongoing photographic record of the 350 odd vehicles in the layouts coaching stock fleet !

Ian Kirk Bulleid 59ft stock. A march on HORNBY.

Coaching stock is in reality a little more complicated than many modellers may appreciate ! Especially if we are dealing with the Southern Railway or BR Southern Region. Why?

Because the "Southern" were a little odd, and seemed to think their locomotive hauled coaches were actually EMU's. In other words most of their carriages were marshalled in fixed formation sets, with large "SET" numbers stenciled on the end vehicles. And woo betide ayone who dared to try and mix things up. (Mainly other Regions). If a fault ocurred in any vehicle within a set the whole set was withdrawn, and the problem attended too before being put back into service.

In addition to "Sets" were also "Loose" vehicles. These being most of the catering vehicles and Dining cars, a number of Brake Composites, and a large number of the "3rd Opens" (2nd Opens from 1957). "Loose" vehicles could be added into sets or trains, at times of overcrowding. It was normal to find a 3rd Open or two stationed at places like Basingstoke which had carriage sidings and the necessary "Carriage and Wagon Dept" staff always present.

A 12-13 car express train would typically be formed of two or three sets, with possibly a "Loose" Restaurnt Kitchen car and a seperate Dining car slotted inbetween two of the sets.

Many sets were marshalled so that they had consequtively numbered Brake Seconds and also Corridor Seconds and even Corridor Composites if more than one existed in a set. SETS varied from 2 to 10 vehicles, and could contain a mix of totally different types, especially if the SET was elderly and in the "Special traffic" group. "Special Traffic" sets often spent the winter sitting around idly in odd places like Walton-on-Thames carriages sidings. A favourite haunt for coaching stock fans. They weren't just scrapped if they were still useable but kept for summer tourist extras, football specials and the such like.

The main problem for modellers is how to get hold of information on what sets existed, and what vehicles were in each of the hundreds of sets in existence. The most reliable and difinitive information comes from the BR Southern Region, monthly internal publication the: "Carriage Working Notices appendices" (CWNA). Which do turn up on the internet in various places such as "Bill Bedford Books" a specialist Railway secondhand book dealer. It was a monthly publication because small changes did occur particularly before and after the "Summer" service timetable changes. This "SET" system was officially in use until 1965. In reality it didn't stop but the coaches did ! In 1965 the last Maunsell types went for scrap and a start was made into the Bulleid types, so changes were so rapid the CWNA couldn't keep up. When steam finished in 1967 the coaching stock fleet dramatically shrank, and virtually all the Bulleids went for scrap. A few Mk1 SETS however continued for things like Southampton Docks "Ocean Liner" trains, and the Central Divisions Oxted lines Diesel hauled services. These SETS now had small numbers stenciled on their ends and/or underframes.

SET 970 3-CAR 59ft Bulleid stock.
These were the first Bulleid designed coaches and took advantage of a number of 57ft coach chassis built just pre-war by Lancing Carriage works, and then mothballed for the duration. These and a handful of 63ft "Multi-door" variants were the last Southern coaches to have doors to each compartment (on the compartment side). The 57ft chassis became 59ft over body ends once complete. Hornby have chosen to model these not so common types, presumably to go with the NEW "Lord Nelson class" locos now being produced. They were all, coveniently for Hornby, marshalled in 3-car formations and only two designs existed. These being Brake Second Corridors (BSK) and Corridor Composites (CK). The vehicles were common in express train formations until about 1958, when some sets were sent to the Somerset & Dorset line to replace Maunsell sets going for scrap. One or two other sets were disbanded, so became "Loose" vehicles. Only a handful of these sets continued on secondary services on the mainline out of Waterloo. Almost all had been withdrawn by 1967 - But then so had Honby's Lord Nelson class (in 1962) ! The models seen here are of course Ian Kirk kits NOT the new Hornby items.

S2855S Bulleid BSK 59ft 970 kit (04).jpg

Above: A close up of Brake Second corridor (BSK) number S2855S. (Showing the corridor side).

S5716S Bulleid 59ft CK 970 kit (02).jpg

Above: A close up of the Corridor composite (CK) in this set, number: S5716S.(Showing the corridor side).

S2856S Bulleid BSK 59ft 970 kit (03).jpg

Above: A close up of Brake Second Corridor (BSK) number S2856S (Showing the compartment side).

My CWNA records show this was one of the SETS that remained in service on the mainline out of Waterloo until 1965, when disbanded. SETS of this type were classified as "3M" which gave booking office staff details of seating to accomodate seat reservations. It must be noted that there were also some 3-car Maunsell sets also classified "3M" simply because they had the same seating layout, even though they looked totally different.

x Set 970 3-car Shorties (13 small).jpg

Above: A full broadside view of the complete 3-car set showing mainly the compartment side.

x Set 970 3-car Shorties (09 small).jpg

Above: A full broadside of the complete set showing primarily the corrisor side.

Ian Kirk plastic kits were simple and straightfoward to make and about as complex as a simple Airfix cheap airplane kit.
Ian Kirk kits didn't go potty with detail, but did accomodate in their design an allowance for those who wanted to add a little more, like me. I've therefore added; Proper RP25 profile metal wheels; Brass door handles; The interior corridor handrails in brass, painted wood colour (the real one were made in hardwood). Installed some of the door windows so that they are partially open (remember its always a hot sunny summer Saturday on my layout, no rain allowed). The footsteps below the Guards doors; Changed the plastic roof vents for better white metal ones; Added the window grills inside the luggage van on the van side; Brake hoses under the end vehicles; Kadee couplings only on the outer ends; little brass hook and eye type couplings in between vehicles to obtain close coupling (made of brass wire) ; Sprung corridor connections also between vehicles; Spray painted and weathered the vehicles, and of course added HMRS carrier-less transfers - end set numbers, correct coach numbers - 1st class door numbers, and internal first and no smoking stickers. The set normally works, Waterloo-Basingstoke or Salisbury stoppers.

LOTS MORE COACHES & SETS TO COME......

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Re: BASINGSTOKE 1958-67 OO LAYOUT - COACH STOCK inc scratch & kits

Postby flying scotsman123 » Thu Jun 06, 2019 7:43 pm

Looking forward to the scratch built coaches, I'm very much an enthusiast of scratch building carriages!
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Re: BASINGSTOKE 1958-67 OO LAYOUT - COACH STOCK inc scratch & kits

Postby Lysander » Thu Jun 06, 2019 10:36 pm

This has become an interesting and enjoyable series of postings. How much time do you spend on this project each day?

Tony
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Re: BASINGSTOKE 1958-67 OO LAYOUT - COACH STOCK inc scratch & kits

Postby TheDuke71000 » Thu Jun 06, 2019 10:49 pm

flying scotsman123 wrote:Looking forward to the scratch built coaches, I'm very much an enthusiast of scratch building carriages!


Flying Scotsman,
Oh good, I was worried I was the only machicist on this site. I'll try and do a couple of the scratch built coaches next.
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Re: BASINGSTOKE 1958-67 OO LAYOUT - COACH STOCK inc scratch & kits

Postby TheDuke71000 » Thu Jun 06, 2019 10:56 pm

Lysander wrote:This has become an interesting and enjoyable series of postings. How much time do you spend on this project each day?

Tony


Tony,
Nice to know someone is enjoying it, makes the effort seem much more worthwhile, Thanks.

Well much of the work is partly prepared, just have to shrink all my photos to fit, and type the words. Still takes a few hours a day but basically I'm bringing the story up to date so to speak. Then I may make just one posting a week as things progress.

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Re: BASINGSTOKE 1958-67 OO LAYOUT - COACH STOCK inc scratch & kits

Postby TheDuke71000 » Fri Jun 07, 2019 3:16 pm

BASINGSTOKE 1958-67 - COACHES 2

Scratchbuilt Maunsell Dia 2659 Kitchen Buffet Unclassified (KBU). No S7864S.

Catering cars were in nearly all cases classified as "Loose" vehicles because they were not normally allocated to "SETS". They were as a result shunted into and out of a relevant formation to suit daily needs.

The Maunsell Kitchen Dining cars were all built between 1927 and 1934. In their ORIGINAL form they all used a similar body design, with only minor detail differences. In total 52 vehicles were built in this period although 6 were converted into pure Diners before 1934, so no more than 46 ever existed simultaneously. The recent Hornby model typifies the original design which correctly portrays the models as First Class Kitchen/Diners. On board train catering was much more important until the mid 1950's and it was quite common for an express train to include two catering vehicles. Most typically a Resaturant Kitchen 1st type, and adjoining it a seperate 3rd class Dining car, as just visible in the protype photo at the bottom of this Post. During World War 2 virtually all catering vehicles (all over Britain) were stored for the duration.

Post WW2 customer demands had changed dramatically. Simply because "the masses" could now afford to travel and paid holidays were now law. So as early as 1946, a start was made on converting many of the original 1st class Kitchen Diners into 3rd class types almost as soon as they were brought out of war time storage. However the alterations made were done in small groups, and the design of the alterations kept changing, so visibly the reconstructed vehicles came in a number of visually different guises. The design I have chosen to model was selected mainly because it had fewer awkward windows to construct and as a result is very noticeable in a long express train. This type were rebuilt in 1947 and only four vehicles were rebuilt to this design numbered: 7864/5/7 & 7999.

S7864S Maunsell KBU Scratch (02 small).jpg

Above: 1947 rebuild (by Bulleid) into a "Kitchen Buffet Unclassed" means the vehicle has a full Kitchen seen at the right hand end. A bar in the middle and just 8 stools around a couple of tables behind the window at the left hand end. The Kitchen was needed to provide meals to passengers sitting in an adjacent Dining vehicle normally attached at the Kitchen end of this vehicle. Just visible !

S7864S Maunsell KBU scratch (03 small).jpg

Above: A view of the model from the other side, which reveals the corridor side past the Kitchen area. This picture also reveals the 2nd Open Diner vehicle attached. This being a modified Ian Kirk kit.

S7864S Maunsell KBU scratch (04 small).jpg

Above: A bit more of the complete pair of vehicles, again from the Kitchen gangway side.

S7864S Maunsell KBU scratch (05 small).jpg

Above: A closer view revealing the method of semi-permanently coupling this pair together. Which uses a Bachmann "Brake hose" coupling from their Mk1 models, adapted to suit.

S7864S Maunsell rebuilt Buffet.jpg

Above: Diagram 2659 Maunsell Buffet car at Clapham Junction in March 1949, attached to a Composite diner Diagram 2658 just visible at the right hand end. Photo credit J.H.Ashton.

MODEL CONSTRUCTION
The reason for constructing the model was the lack (at the time) of any Southern catering vehicles, apart from Bachmann's Mk1 RMB. However building this Maunsell/Bulleid KBU required a suitable partner, as it has itself virtually no seating. So an Ian Kirk kit of a Maunsell Open 2nd, was adapted (with tables added) to suit. This scratchbuilt model utilises Bachmann SR bogies from one of their Bulleid coaches. A Hornby Maunsell chassis was used to provide the platform on which to build the body. The sides were built out of plasticard, in a number of layers. This method helped to provide the recessed double kitchen door area, which would otherwise have presented a weakness in the body sides. All the underfloor gear, which on a Kitchen vehicle had to include large gas tanks for cooking was also scratchbuilt using plastic tube and various other parts. One or two white metal roof vents were used, but all the other roof "lumps" had to be made out of plasticard. Brass door handles, grabrails and pipework also fabricated to suit. HMRS carrierr-less "Pressfix" transfers used after spray painting the vehicle in post 1957 SR coaching stock green. Both vehicles seen were built and painted at the same time around 2008. So they are seen on my Basingstoke Mk1 loft layout.

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Re: BASINGSTOKE 1958-67 OO LAYOUT - COACH STOCK inc scratch & kits

Postby Firefly16 » Fri Jun 07, 2019 10:13 pm

Your buffet very interesting, Duke. How many layers did you use for the recessed door effect? I have a GWR 'Dreadnought' diner as refurbished at some time between the wars. I achieved longitudinal strength with a single full length 30thou web in which, two hidden verticals in the kitchen area apart, the only full depth solid areas are those containing the recessed end and kitchen double door detailing. The 'bodywork' as such consists of separate 10thou sections attached to the web on either side of the kitchen doors by 30thou inserts shaped to maintain their tumblehome/turn-under profile; just two layers plus glazing.

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Re: BASINGSTOKE 1958-67 OO LAYOUT - COACH STOCK inc scratch & kits

Postby TheDuke71000 » Fri Jun 07, 2019 11:23 pm

Firefly16 wrote:Your buffet very interesting, Duke. How many layers did you use for the recessed door effect? I have a GWR 'Dreadnought' diner as refurbished at some time between the wars. I achieved longitudinal strength with a single full length 30thou web in which, two hidden verticals in the kitchen area apart, the only full depth solid areas are those containing the recessed end and kitchen double door detailing. The 'bodywork' as such consists of separate 10thou sections attached to the web on either side of the kitchen doors by 30thou inserts shaped to maintain their tumblehome/turn-under profile; just two layers plus glazing.


"Firefly16"

I first used a strip of 1mm plasticard along the lower half of the body each side, below the window line, leaving a gap for the double doors, so 2 seperate sections on each side of the coach and each slightly chamfered to suit the small tumblehome. These strips however also had vertical columns either side of the doors, and between windows. I then bridged the gap with a piece of 2mm plasticard glued to the rear of the 1mm strips for the whole length of the vehicle on both sides. The actual visible coach sides as seen are very thin (0.10mm) and glued over the thicker supports behind, after all the windows had been cut out. Of course the double doors (and the single leaf end doors) are themselves seperate parts. Further reinforcng strips were glued to the roof edges before the roof was fixed on, a bit of an awkward job as some of the windows come very close to the roof. These strips ensure the sides would stay firmly attached I hope. The roof itself was from a Hornby Maunsell, with virtually all the original roof detail removed.

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Re: BASINGSTOKE 1958-67 OO LAYOUT - COACH STOCK inc scratch & kits

Postby Firefly16 » Sat Jun 08, 2019 12:59 am

Two interesting versions of the same principle!

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Re: BASINGSTOKE 1958-67 OO LAYOUT - COACH STOCK inc scratch & kits

Postby TheDuke71000 » Sat Jun 08, 2019 1:06 am

Firefly16 wrote:Two interesting versions of the same principle!


"Firefly16"
I think I got the easier carriage. No Churchward Dreadnoughts for me luckily. All those recessed doors !
Fortunately most were 70ft long so banned on the SR.

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Re: BASINGSTOKE 1958-67 OO LAYOUT - COACH STOCK inc scratch & kits

Postby Firefly16 » Sat Jun 08, 2019 1:12 am

I won't be attempting any concertina stock any time soon!

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Re: BASINGSTOKE 1958-67 OO LAYOUT - COACH STOCK inc scratch & kits

Postby TheDuke71000 » Sat Jun 08, 2019 10:59 am

Firefly16 wrote:I won't be attempting any concertina stock any time soon!


Indeed Concertinas, must have the LSWR on the brain.
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Re: BASINGSTOKE 1958-67 OO LAYOUT - COACH STOCK inc scratch & kits

Postby TheDuke71000 » Tue Jun 11, 2019 2:23 am

BASINGSTOKE 1958-67 - COACHES 3

Non Southern catering vehicles

I've always had a fascination with catering vehicles. Probably because even as a child the trains I travelled on always seemed to have one. And in those days full meal service was taken for granted. Whether it was a Bournemouth express taking my parents and I to see the relatives, or the French overnight express to the South of France both of course hauled by steam locomotives.

M233M RKC 68ft Fowler upgrade RE4 (02 small).jpg

Above: Kicking off with this simple upgrade to a Hornby Midland Fowler 68ft 12 wheel Restaurant Kitchen Composite (RKC) No M233M. The only real problem with this model are the ghastly gaps in the chassis framing above the 6 wheeled bogies, necessary for those with "Kiddy" curves or the vehicle derails. Having set the layouts minimum radius at 5ft to avoid such nasty problems. I therefore set about filling the unsightly gaps with Plasticard. The vehicle was then given an interior repaint to highlight the different classes, with curtains aso being added in the 1st class saloon. Note that adjacent to this first class section, the next vehicle is a Mk1 Restaurant First Open. Well the train is heading for wealthy Bournemouth !

W9562W Collett 57ft RKC (04 small).jpg

Above: Now moving to something a little more complex, is a major rebuilding of the Hornby Collett cross country 57ft Restaurant Kichen Composite (RKC) No W9562W. There being no other RTR catering cars of GWR design currenlty. So this "Railroad range" item needed some serious surgery. The model comes with the original 1930's style windows so these had to be altered to the BR Mk1 style fitted in the 1950's. The vehicle ends were totally imaginary, so these had to be rebuilt with footsteps and working concertina corridor connections, made from "Cartridge paper". The underfloor gear had to be altered and large gas tanks provided for the cooking range. Roof detail also had to be improved, so, as a least one of these coaches had been given Mk1 roof vents, and I had a load in my spares box the model has followed suit. This picture reveals the Kitchen side, with the first class dining area nearest.

W9562W Collett 57ft RKC (02 small).jpg

Above: The other side of the Collett cross country RKC is seen here. The bogies were also changed as the "Railroad range" ones where unsuitable and poor runners. The model now has RP25 profile wheels in bogies that came from another GWR model. Because the vehicle now runs in the middle of a set of new Hornby Collett coaches, the couplings are simple brass hook & eye type, as no uncoupling of this set is needed except to put vehicles back in their boxes. Such simple couplings also allow me to abolish the gaps between vehicles, as my 5ft minimum radii on the layout allows for this.

E1706E RB Thompson Scratcht RE5 (01 small).jpg

Above: Now another Scratchbuilt item. The lack of RTR catering vehicles is still a bit of a bugbear, although Hornby have finally added a very nice Maunsell Kitchen Diner First to their already expansive Southern Maunsell range, and their is a Hornby Gresley Buffet to match their Gresley range. But nothing suitable for Thompson stock. So having stumbled on some nice drawings and photos of a Thompson catering vehicle I simply began hacking up and old Bachmann Thompson First Corridor (FK). The roof was sanded clean of roof clutter. The sides were divided into sections of re-useable items such as doors, and windows. The underfloor gear was all removed.

E1706E RB Thompson Scratch RE5 (02 small).jpg

Above: Turning the FK into this Thompson Restaurant Buffet (RB) No E1706E One of only two vehicles to this design> Required the various re-useable side parts, to be matched to the necessary new fill in sections made in plasticard. The interior being totally different is all scratchbuilt as I had virtually nothing in my scrap box of use. The underfloor gear is also nearly all new scratcbuilt parts except for the original battery boxes, which needed a little careful alteration and repositioning. All the roof detail is also all scratch built. The vehicle was obviously given a total respray and HMRS "Pressfix" transfers used. So I now have a nice Thompson RB to go with my rake of tarted up Bachmann Thompsons. Which like the Hornby Collett RKC above, runs as a fixed rake, on a Newcastle - Bournemouth Summer Saturdays only through train. Hence the hook & eye type couplings.

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Re: BASINGSTOKE 1958-67 OO LAYOUT - COACH STOCK inc scratch & kits

Postby TheDuke71000 » Wed Jun 12, 2019 2:42 pm

BASINGSTOKE 1958-67 - COACHES 4

Southern Bulleid stock. Set 805.
Few of the many types of Bulleid coach designs are commercially produced, although Hornby & Bachmann are both about to introduce one or two new types. No sign however of any catering vehicles. Which poses a bit of a problem for the layout as ALL Bulleid catering vehicles shuffled back and forth through Basingstoke. On either Waterloo-Bournemouth-Weymouth services, or Waterloo-West of England services, and even reached far flung Padstow in Cornwall on Summer Saturdays.

Perusing my comprehensive list of Southern Coaching Sets, I noticed an intriguing set that would be perfect. This being the oddball SET805. This set began life as one of the Birmingham Railway Carriage & Wagon (BRCW) built Bulleid 3-sets type "3L", and entered service in 1948. In June 1957, it was boosted to a 6-car Catering set with the catering vehicles unusually permanently allocated. As such it acted as a back up to the regular "Bournemouth Catering 6-sets" (Set Nos 290-300). But it also made forays onto the West of England line, making it admirably suitable for the layout. The catering vehicles allocated to this set were one of the notorious "Tavern Car" pairs. Originally decked out as "Travelling Pubs" and heavily critiscised for their lack of windows. BR had to rebuild them quickly to passify the "punters". The set also lasted until 6/67, making it the last set in regular service with Bulleid catering types included. All other Bulleid catering vehicles having already been withdrawn.


S4229S BRCW SOBS kit (02 small).jpg

Above: At each end of SET 805 are BRCW versions of the Bulleid Semi-Open Brake Seconds (SOBS). These coaches are distinctly different from the Eastleigh built type, noticeable by their fewer but larger square roof vents. And the corridor windows having NO opening toplights. These two models (S4229S & S4230S) one of which is pictured, use an original Bachmann Bulleid donor. The sides replaced by the Comet Coaches brass sides. The roof hacked off the original Bachmann item sanded clean and provided with the scratchbuilt BRCW type vents. The BRCW variants also had a different underfloor layout, so new equipment was mainly scratchbuilt for the underside. The model is seen on the workbench almost complete.

S7622S Bulleid FK 805 kit (10 small).jpg

Above: Next a regular Bulleid Corridor First (S7622S) was needed. So again another Bachmann coach was carved up, and Comet brass coach sides and various other Comet parts substituted, including new corridor connections, as the Bachmann rubber type are horrible and become distorted with time. This FK was the first coach rehashed, and is here going for a test run on my Mk1 Loft layout (now disbanded).

S7897S Bulleid RKB 805 kit (01 small).jpg

Above: Next up is a Bulleid - Restaurant Kitchen Buffet (RKB)No S7897S. In its Post rebuilt form having been a Tavern Kitchen car previously. This model however uses the aluminium chassis and plastic screw on roof from another type of kit. The Comet brass sides being attached to these parts. The ends and roof used more Comet coaches parts. All underfloor equipment and the interior had to be scratchbuilt.

S7897S Bulleid RKB 805 kit (09 small).jpg

Above: The other side of the RKB seen above, revealing the Kitchen side, during construction.

S7838S Bulleid RCO 805 kit (04 small).jpg

Above: Finally the Bulleid Restaurant Composite Open S7838S. This vehicle again uses a Bachmann chassis and roof as donors. Comet brass sides, white metal roof vents, along with Brass and whitemetal corridor connections. The hardest part was filling the interior with handbuilt tables and chairs and even the tiny table lamps.

This oddball set 805, was formed: SOBS (BRCW) S4229S; FK S7622S; RKB S7897S; RCO S7838S; BR Mk1 TSO S3846; SOBS (BRCW) S4230S.
The sixth and last vehicle in the set was a BR Mk1 Tourist Second Open (S3846), which simply utilises a repainted and renumbered Bachmann Mk1 example, so not shown here.

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Re: BASINGSTOKE 1958-67 OO LAYOUT - Coaching Stock inc scratch & kits

Postby TheDuke71000 » Thu Jun 27, 2019 8:47 pm

BASINGSTOKE 1958-67 - COACHES 5

Southern Maunsell stock. Set 27.

Maunsell Southern Railway "Standard" designed and built coaching stock, was constructed between the years 1926-1937. A wide range of types were built, and subtle changes to the detail of design ocurred during this era. There were four distinct changes to the details, which mainly involved the window styles. The first designs built between July 1926 and July 1929, had "low" corridor windows, where the top of these windows were no higher than the windows on the compartment side. From August 1929 until June 1935, a noticeable design change introduced "high" corridor windows, where the main windows on the corridor side now almost reached the roof gutter line. A third distinct change ocurred between July 1935 and May 1936. When the method of installing windows resulted in them being inserted from inside the carriage (as opposed to previously from outside). This resulted in all windows except door windows now having distinctly rounded corners and being much more flush. The last style introduced from June 1936 saw a return to virtually square cornered windows, and inserted from outside but now in Alpax aluminium frames. These square cornered frames being detectably proud of the bodyside.

It must also be noted that the "Loading Gauge" problems on the Southern resulted in Maunsell coaching stock being built to three different widths. Namely: 8ft 1/4in (Restriction 0) for use on the Tonbridge to Hastings line. 8ft 6in (Restriction 1) for use on the North Kent lines and Lewes tunnel and standard 9ft wide (Restriction 4) coaches for all other routes. BR Mk1's were equivilant to Restriction 4.

An important point for modellers concerning ALL coaching stock of the "Big Four" is that these companies were obliged to come to some sort of agreement soon after the 1923 grouping, as to how to couple coaches and the implications for corridor gangway connection design, implicit in the coupling chosen. The Southern Railway and the LNER decided to adopt the Buckeye semi-automatic coupling for virtually all new mainline coaching stock, which due to the couplings fixed length and rigid nature, requires the use of the "Pullman" type semi-rigid gangway connection. The GWR and the LMS decided to continue using the standard "Screwlink" coupling (against HMRI recommendations) which dictates the use of a more flexible type of gangway connection, known as the "British Standard Suspension" (BSS) type. The two types of gangway cannot be coupled together without "adapters" being attached to the BSS type first. Also important is that the "Buckeye" coupling does NOT need Buffers, and any buffers present MUST be retracted out of use, to avoid derailments in curves and pointwork. Further if a Buckeye fitted vehicle does not actually have a corridor gangway a "Pullman Rubbing Bar". MUST be built into the vehicles design. So the Class 33/1 Diesel locomotives because they were fitted with Buckeyes to couple with coaching stock had to also be fitted with this Pullman Rubbing bar between the buffers, and the buffers altered to be of a retractable type. The same situation pertained for (Post 1951) Southern suburban EMU's that did not have corridor gangways. Another tell-tale is that stock fitted with Buckeye couplings was almost always built with a "Bow ended" design. But Screwlink fitted stock was generally (but not always) of the flat ended type !

Maunsell type Hornby models.
Hornby have slowly increased their range of Maunsell coaches over the past few years. Virtually all their models are of the first two styles, that's "Low" window and "High" window designs. Only one model is of the third "Flush window" design and this is the (BR rebuilt in 1960) Driving Trailer Brake Composite (DTBK) supplied as part of the Pull-Push two coach set (Sets 601-619). Set 27 seen below should be suitable for most Southern layouts modelling the era 1948-63.

z Set 27 Maunsell 2-car [02 small].jpg

Above: Two coach Set 27 is formed of the second Maunsell "High" window types introduced between August 1929 and June 1935. This set is made up of Brake Second Corridor (BSK) S3775S and Brake Composite Corridor (BCK) S6586S. Sets 22-29 inclusive, were all similar and from their formation in 1930-31 were allocated to West of England expresses. They normally formed the through portion to destinations such as Seaton, Sidmouth, Exmouth, or even Torrington. By 1960 they were supposedly restricted to usage on local services West of Axminster, but in reality still found their way into services to and from Waterloo. Close coupling of this set by simply replacing the couplings provided with a simple brass hook & eye dispenses with the ghastly gap. As the models come with "Flexi-coupling" mounts it should be possible on most layouts to at least reduce the gap considerably. Dont forget the sprung buffers provided should in reality be in the retracted position so providing more leeway to dispense with the gap !!!

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Above: With the Brake Composite Corridor (BCK) closest, and the first class (Blue) seating quite visible. This simple to form set, reveals the alternative Kadee Buckeye type couplings that have replaced the original toy ones provided at the outer ends. A tail lamp has also been added, as this set will form the last 2-coaches of a 12 coach West of England formation.

z Set 27 Maunsell 2-car [08 small].jpg

Above: This picture clearly reveals the Maunsell "High" window design found on the corridor side of these vehicles. Seen here on the BSK to the right. Both vehicles include Guard and luggage areas, as it was a general rule that the ends of trains had to have a Guards van. So SR set formations nearly always had Guards vans at both ends of sets. In the summer with all the luggage people used to drag aorund with them, they came in very handy.

S3775S Maunsell BSK Set 27 (01 small).jpg

Above; The opposite side of the BSK, reveals the regular individual compartment doors, still persisted with on the Southern until just Post World War 2. The other "Big Four" companies, had started building express stock with doors only at the ends pre-war. However the Southern due mainly to the density of traffic, felt obliged to cling to this design method.

S6586S Maunsell BCK Set 27 (01 small).jpg

Above: The Brake Composite Corridor (BCK) from the opposite side, which reveals only the one door marked for 1st class. What looks like another door to the right is in fact only a "droplight". The Guards luggage van areas of many Maunsell designs had narrower flat sides, which then allowed width for the Guards lookout ducts. Guards were until 1978 also responsible for keeping an eye on signals. Logging the trains time at all points. And of course keeping an eye on luggage, parcels, Royal mail, and even Booking Office cash bags.

Virtually all Maunsell stock had been withdrawn by 1963.

All photos copyright: The Duke 71000


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